BrainCandy

Detectives, Angels, Hot British men, Killer Robots, Aliens from Space; What more could a girl ask for?

Jul 30

thekamstermck-fallen-angel:

a-soldiers-fallen-angel:

weteevee:

parents when they can’t get a hold of you: “i called TWICE AND YOU DIDN’T PICK UP”

me when i can’t get a hold of my parents: “I BROKE MY LEG. I CALLED UR CELL 11 TIMES, UR WORK PHONE 7 TIMES, AND SENT YOU 23 TEXTS, AND NO RESPONSE”

my parents: “wow sorry i was busy”

The Winchesters Everyone

I shouldn’t have laughed as hard as I did

(via theblueimpala)


(via jessiwhat)


unamusedsloth:

Looks like he found some amazing cereal

unamusedsloth:

Looks like he found some amazing cereal

(via halianfromplanetzork)


nicoapologist:

narusbooty:

matesprit:

bootlegprecious:

kams88:

Stand up to injustice and hatred.

Look at that jackass go “I - I don’t like it”, as if it even matters. Sit yo stupid ass down, boy.

tumblr likes to post these kind of things without context, but i figured before everyone starts hating this guy they should know that his name is yousef erakat, a muslim youtuber from palestine, and he is performing a social experiment to see how people would react to someone attacking a woman in a hijab.

the video is here for people who want to watch it

”it’s her choice ” my ass . I’m pretty sure she was forced to wear that thing by her family , religion and stuff  

Look at this asshole.

Laugh at this asshole.

I’m a muslim, and at the age of thirteen, my mum and dad asked me if I wanted to wear a hijab. I said I’d think on it, and then later replied with no.

My sister said yes.

Almost every muslim woman (except for the bullshit propaganda your uneducated ignorant ass sees on CNN) is given the choice to wear a hijab.

Why don’t you take your ignorant comments and shove them up your ass, before I bitch slap you so hard you smash into the surface of the fucking sun.

Fucking asshole.

(via bearprince)


deansdamnation:

thespyandthesoldier:

weight-a-second:

me too, Arya, me tooooo

This whole scene is golden.

you could hear arya going through puberty

(via awesome-scotswoman)


Inspired by this post

(via 221bstarktower)


iconsmagcon:

THIS SHOULD BE ON EVERYONE’S BLOG.

(via flaws-in-icarus)



THIS never gets old.

THIS never gets old.

(via weinerchesters)


seerofsarcasm:

bitelchus:

swatlock:

Pop Culture References in Shrek 2 (1/?)

Click the gifs for more information

IM SO GLAD I FOUND THIS ON MY DASH.

I´VE BEEN LOOKING FOR IT FOR AGES. 

THATS THE BEST PART OF SHREK HALF THE MOVIE IS JUST POP CULTURE JOKES

(via enochianspellbinder)


tommyshphrd:

peter parker asking the right questions

(via captainshroom)


if-your-eyes-could-speak:

jeffblimissylar:

Do you know who I think is the ugliest girl in school?

image

That Hermione Granger

image

You know what I’d give her on a scale of 1 to 10, with 1… 1 would be the ugliest and then 10 is pretty…

image

I would give her

image

an 8

image

An 8.5

image

Or 9

image

Not over a 9.8

image

Because there is always room for improvement

image

Not everyone’s perfect like me

image

That’s why I am holding out for a 10

image

Because I’m worth it

image


 

(via awesome-scotswoman)


pineplapple:

This is hands down the best parody twitter ever

(via weinerchesters)


saffythegeek:

organiccompounds:

journeytoenglisheducation:

brains-and-bodies:

fuckyeah-nerdery:

discodick:

mindblowingscience:

pickledpennies:

m00nchaser:

If bees become extinct we will have exactly 4 YEARS to live on this planet. I don’t understand how “not giving a fuck” is more important than your life…

okay, I have a thing to say about this. I’m no expert on bees, but I am a biologist (and entomologist) so I think there is something I can contribute that’ll be of worth.

I agree entirely with the sentiment that we must protect honeybees. Obviously they are massively important for biodiversity, as well as pollinating food crops for humans. There is no doubt that if all the honeybees in the world were to vanish in a day that the consequences would be dire.

However, I disagree that the main cause for concern regarding honeybee death is the use of Genetically Modified (GM) crops. I’d be very interested to read a research paper that says ‘GM crops have killed millions of honeybees’, if indeed such a paper exists because in all honesty I find it highly unlikely that this is a true statement.

Let’s start with some facts about GM crops:

1. The development of GM crops is a highly regulated process, bound by strict country-specific legislature. A great number of trials are carried out long before commercial planting of a GM crop is even considered. It is these trials, and accompanying laboratory studies, that ensure a GM crop is safe to non-target organisms (such as honeybees) by investigating direct and indirect effects (Nap et al. 2003).

2. Crops that are genetically modified to express insecticidal proteins (for crop pest control) have a high level of specificity. This means that the insecticidal proteins being produced by the GM plant will only affect a narrow range of insect groups because of the chemical properties of the protein. For example, GM crops expressing insecticidal proteins sourced from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) will only target some Lepidopteran pests (caterpillars; Romeis et al. 2006). Furthermore, a recent meta-analysis of the literature found that GM Bt crops do not negatively affect the survival of adult honeybees or their larvae (Duan et al. 2008).

3. GM crops can be tailored such that the novel gene is expressed only in particular parts of the plant. For example, GM Bt rice plants express the toxin in the stems but not the grains (Datta et al. 1998). This technique means that gene expression can be excluded from the flowers/pollen of the crop plant, so that bees and other pollinators would not be affected. Neat, huh?

So those are a token few reasons why GM crops are safer than perhaps many people believe (as the result of a lot of questionable, non-scientific articles). To come back to our main point about honeybee death, I would like to briefly mention a few alternative explanations for the recent decline in honeybee populations. These are as follows:

1. Many bees have died as the result of broad-spectrum insecticide use. These are pesticides that lack specificity, and can be harmful to non-target organisms. Neonicotinoids are a well-studied example of this (Decourtye & Devillers, 2010). Not to worry, though, because many broad-spectrum pesticides including neonics are well on their way out. Indeed, the EU recently banned a large cohort of neonic pesticides. This is still a topic of controversy, mind (Goulson, 2013).

2. Many bees have died as the result of Varroa mite infestation. Imagine you’ve been bitten by several ticks, except those ticks are the size of dinner plates. That gives you an idea of the severity of a Varroa mite infestation on a single developing bee. The parasitisation of bees by Varroa mites and other parasites is often accompanied by disease transmission. This can result in colonies dying within two years after infestation (Johnson, 2011).

3. Many bees have died as the result of ‘colony collapse disorder’.  This is a phrase that has popped up a lot recently, and is basically an umbrella term for the various causes of bee death including parasite infestation, disease transmission, environmental stresses, and management stresses such as poor nutrition (Johnson, 2011). Colony collapse has been attributed to broad-spectrum pesticide use in some instances. However, it is has still been observed in countries where broad-spectrum pesticides have been withdrawn (in the EU, like I mentioned earlier; Johnson, 2011).

So those are my main points. Please excuse the bullet-point nature of this; I was trying to keep it fairly short. Not sure I managed that haha. But anyway, my take-home message is that GM crops are not the enemy when it comes to honeybee decline. If anything, bees are at much greater danger from the use of broad-spectrum pesticides and from parasites and diseases. Using GM can even help to alleviate some of the problems associated with broad-spectrum pesticides, as they greatly reduce the need to apply such chemicals (Romeis et al. 2006).

A finishing note: Do your homework. Go on google scholar and read some of the literature, making sure it is recent (within the past 10-15 years). Literature reviews are a great way to find out what the consensus is on any given topic. Don’t use popular media as your main source of information where science is concerned; they tend to favour scandal and exaggeration. You want to know what’s really going on? Check out some research articles and see for yourself.

Thanks for sticking it through to the end of this impromptu mini-essay! —Alice

References:

Datta, K., Vasquez, A., Tu, J., Torrizo, L., Alam, M. F., Oliva, N., Abrigo, E., Khush, G. S., & Datta, S. K. (1998). Constitutive and tissue-specific differential expression of the cryIA (b) gene in transgenic rice plants conferring resistance to rice insect pest. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 97(1-2), 20-30.

Decourtye, A., & Devillers, J. (2010). Ecotoxicity of neonicotinoid insecticides to bees. In Insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (pp. 85-95). Springer New York.

Duan, J. J., Marvier, M., Huesing, J., Dively, G., & Huang, Z. Y. (2008). A meta-analysis of effects of Bt crops on honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). PLoS One, 3(1), e1415.

Goulson, D. (2013). Neonicotinoids and bees: What’s all the buzz?. Significance, 10(3), 6-11.

Johnson, R. (2011). Honey bee colony collapse disorder. DIANE Publishing.

Nap, J. P., Metz, P. L., Escaler, M., & Conner, A. J. (2003). The release of genetically modified crops into the environment. The Plant Journal, 33(1), 1-18.

Romeis, J., Meissle, M., & Bigler, F. (2006). Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control. Nature biotechnology, 24(1), 63-71.

This commentary is SO important. Succinct and with proper sourcing; beautiful.

It infuriates me when people blame GMO for everything without actually examining the evidence.

Fucker, did you just compile and post a summarised university research paper in your leisure time? Fuck you. *flips table in frustration of assignment writing inadequacies* 

GODDAMN THEY EVEN PROVIDED REFERENCES.

Providing references should be mandatory. Go Alice!

*Snifs* This… is the most… BEAUTIFUL… post I have… ever… seen on Tumblr! The references! The beautiful references!

Reblogging for the impeccable commentary

Oh thank fuck someone finally said it. all of this anti GMO crap has been really irking me for years. People assume because they’re mutants they’re bad for the environment or that they’re going to stop pollination etc and they’re just wrong.

I especially get angry at people saying they’re dangerous to eat, because they’re designed to be eaten in the majority of the cases.

Interestingly, the anti- GMo ‘studies’ you see are often funded by insecticide companies, trying to place the blame of huge pollinator population decline on this new fangled thing they aren’t making money off of.


sweetconformity:

Deadline Gallipoli

(via color-division)


the-girl-from-hyrule:

andyouwanttoupdatetwitter:

johnwatsonismyspiritanimal:

voldemortsss:

Robert Downey Jr. and a cat.

image

Glad to see RDJ and I have the same reaction upon seeing a cat. 

Because everyone needs RDJ having a reaction towards seeing a cat on their blog

(via 221bstarktower)


Page 1 of 1969